Gen AI Introduction : Basics

Roshni Mohandas
7 min readJan 29, 2024
Photo by Mojahid Mottakin on Unsplash

What is Generative AI

Generative AI refers to artificial intelligence algorithms that can generate new content or data that is similar to the data they were trained on.The generative part of the name indicates that these AI systems are capable of creating something new, rather than just processing or analyzing existing data

e.g) Imagine you have a magic art box. When you draw a picture of a cat and show it to the box, it learns what a cat looks like. Then, the magic box can draw lots of different pictures of cats all by itself! Some might be big cats, some might be small, and some might be funny colors, but they all look like cats because the box learned from your picture. This magic box is like Generative AI

AI Generated

How Gen AI is different from other types of AI ?

Generative AI differs from other types of AI primarily in its ability to create new content or data, rather than just analyzing or processing existing information

1) Content creating
2) Learning pattern : it learns from existing datasets to create new or similar outputs
3) Tech involved : GAN , VAE ( Variational Autoencoders), Transformers for text , DALLE for image

Other type of AI
1) Data Analysis
2) Learning to make patterns of existing datasets
3) Tech Involved : Regression, clustering, neural networks

How Gen AI works ?

Generative AI works by learning from a large dataset and then using that knowledge to create new, original content that resembles the input data. Here’s a simplified explanation of how it functions:

  • Training on existing data
  • Understanding and mimicking data
  • Generating new content


  1. GAN (Generative Adversarial Networks) : generator creates content and discriminator evaluates it . The goal of generator is to get so good at creating content that discriminator cant tell the difference between real and generated content
  2. VAE ( Variational Auto Enoder) : They encode input data into a simplified representation and then decode it back. They encode input data into a simplified representation and then decode it back.
  3. Transformer Models (like GPT for text): These models use the context of input data (like words in a sentence) to predict what comes next. These models use the context of input data (like words in a sentence) to predict what comes next.

Generating your own content !

  1. Define Your Content Goals : Decide type of content like text image videos etc. Define the purpose of content ( marketing entertainment, information dissemination)
  2. 2. Choose the Right Generative AI Model : for text use models like GPT, for images use DALL-E or GANs.
  3. Gather and Prepare Your Training Data : Collect a dataset that represents the kind of content you want to generate. Clean and preprocess the data to ensure it’s in a format suitable for training the AI model.
  4. Train the AI Model : Adjust the model parameters to improve its ability to generate the desired type of content.
  5. Generate Content: Start generating content with the AI model. Initially, the output may need refinements. Continuously refine the model’s outputs based on feedback and desired quality.
  6. Implement Ethics and Quality Checks : Ensure that the content generated aligns with ethical standards and doesn’t infringe on copyrights or create harmful outputs.
  7. Deployment and Usage : Integrate the model into your content creation pipeline, whether for a website, app, or other platforms. Optionally, set up a system where the model continues to learn from new data and feedback to improve over time.

Famous tools for Gen AI

  • TensorFlow and Keras : Open-source libraries for machine learning and neural networks
  • PyTorch : Another popular open-source machine learning library
  • GANs (Generative Adversarial Networks): While not a tool in itself, GANs are a type of AI model that has gained a lot of attention for their ability to generate highly realistic images.
  • OpenAI’s GPT (Generative Pretrained Transformer) Models: Especially famous for text generation
  • DALL-E: Also from OpenAI, DALL-E is a model specifically designed for generating images from textual descriptions
  • BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers): Developed by Google for NLP
  • DeepMind’s WaveNet: A deep neural network for generating raw audio waveforms that has been used to create more natural-sounding speech
  • StyleGAN: Developed by Nvidia, StyleGAN has become famous for its ability to generate highly realistic human faces

Natural Language Models

Natural Language Models (NLMs) are a category of AI that specialize in understanding, interpreting, generating, and interacting with human language

Functions : Language Understanding, Language Generation, Interaction

Types of Natural Language Models: Rule-Based Systems, Statistical Models , Neural Network Models

Advanced Models:

  1. Transformers: A type of model architecture that has revolutionized NLP. It allows for handling long-range dependencies in text and parallel processing, leading to more efficient and effective language models.
  2. GPT (Generative Pretrained Transformer) Series: Developed by OpenAI, GPT models (like GPT-3) are known for their large scale and impressive ability to generate human-like text.
  3. BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers): Developed by Google, BERT excels in understanding the context of a word in a sentence, improving the quality of information extraction and text classification tasks.

Applications :

  1. Chatbots and Virtual Assistants: Engaging in human-like conversations and providing assistance.
  2. Content Creation: Writing articles, creating marketing copy, and more.
  3. Translation Services: Translating text between languages while preserving context and nuance.
  4. Sentiment Analysis: Understanding emotions in text, useful for customer feedback analysis.
  5. Information Extraction: Extracting useful information from large texts, like dates, names, or specific facts.

Challenges and Future Directions:

  1. Contextual Understanding: While NLMs are good at language processing, understanding complex context or world knowledge is still challenging.
  2. Bias and Fairness: NLMs can inherit and even amplify biases present in their training data.
  3. Interdisciplinary Improvements: Future advancements may involve integrating more cognitive science and linguistics insights into AI models.

Text to image applications

These applications use advanced AI models to interpret textual input and generate corresponding images

Key Features of Text-to-Image Applications: Interpretation of Descriptions, Image Generation, Creativity and Detailing

Examples of Text-to-Image Applications

  1. DALL-E by OpenAI: Known for its ability to generate highly detailed and creative images from textual description
  2. DeepArt: An application that turns descriptions or actual photos into artwork in the style of famous painters.
  3. Google’s Imagen: Another model similar to DALL-E, known for generating high-quality images from text descriptions
  4. RunwayML: A platform that offers various machine learning models, including text-to-image models, for creative and artistic purposes.

Applications :

  1. Art
  2. Marketing and Advertising
  3. Education
  4. Entertainment
  5. Research

Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN)

Introduced by Ian Goodfellow and his colleagues in 2014

Basic Concept

A GAN consists of two neural networks that are trained simultaneously through a competitive process, hence the term “adversarial”: Generator: This network generates new data instances.Discriminator: This network evaluates them against a set of real data.

How GANs Work : Training the Generator , Assessment by Discriminator: The discriminator assesses these samples against real data to determine if they are “real” or “fake.” . Feedback to Generator: The generator uses feedback from the discriminator to improve its next data samples.Repeat the Process: This process repeats with the generator trying to fool the discriminator, and the discriminator trying to accurately distinguish real from fake. End Goal: The goal is for the generator to become so good at producing realistic data that the discriminator can’t tell the difference between real and generated samples.

Applications of GANs : Image Generation , Data Augmentation , Image-to-Image Translation, Super-Resolution, Voice Generation, Style Transfer

VAE and Anomaly Detection

Variational Autoencoders (VAEs) are a type of neural network used in unsupervised machine learning. They are particularly effective in anomaly detection due to their ability to learn, represent, and generate complex data distributions.

Understanding Variational Autoencoders (VAEs) :

Structure: A VAE consists of two main parts: an encoder and a decoder.

  1. Encoder: It takes input data and compresses it into a latent (hidden) space, which is a simplified representation of the input.
  2. Decoder: It reconstructs the input data from this latent space representation.

Learning Process

  1. Efficiently compress data into the latent space (encoding).
  2. Accurately reconstruct the original data from this latent space (decoding).

Probabilistic Approach:

Unlike traditional autoencoders, VAEs introduce randomness in the encoding process, making them generative models. They don’t just compress data; they learn the probability distribution of the input data.

Future predictions of Gen AI

  1. Personalization and Customization : Generative AI could produce highly personalized content for various domains
  2. Enhanced Realism and Quality : xpect advancements in creating highly realistic images, videos, and audio
  3. Expanded Creative Capabilities : Art, music , literature
  4. Improved Accessibility and User-Friendliness : democratizing content creation
  5. Integration with Other Technologies : Generative AI could be combined with other AI technologies for more complex applications, like robots that can not only interact but also create
  6. Healthcare and Biology: From drug discovery to personalized medicine, generative AI could have significant impacts.
  7. Environmental Modeling: AI could help in generating models for climate change predictions or environmental restoration.
  8. Computational and Algorithmic Improvements : Future algorithms might require less computational power, making them more sustainable and widely usable.

Skill Sets Needed to Work on GEN AI

Technical Skills

  1. Machine Learning and Deep Learning
  2. Programming Languages
  3. Data Science Skills
  4. Knowledge of Generative Models

Domain-Specific Knowledge

  1. Computer Vision and Natural Language Processing
  2. Mathematics and Statistics
  3. Domain Expertise

Other Considerations

  1. Ethical and Societal Awareness: Understanding the ethical implications of AI, especially in generating content that impacts society.
  2. Research Skills: For those involved in developing new AI models and techniques, research skills and the ability to understand and contribute to academic literature are important.

Caution when working with GEN AI

  1. Ethical Considerations : Bias and Fairness, Misuse Potential
  2. Data Privacy and Security : Data Sensitivity, Secure Data Handling
  3. Intellectual Property : Copyright Issues , Ownership of AI-Created Content
  4. Quality and Reliability : Accuracy, Unpredictable Outputs
  5. Transparency and Accountability : Explainability , Responsibility
  6. Societal Impact : Cultural Sensitivity, Impact on Jobs
  7. Technical Challenges : Model Robustness, Computational Resources
  8. Ongoing Learning and Adaptation : Keep Updated

Generative AI represents a significant and rapidly evolving frontier in the field of artificial intelligence. It encompasses a wide range of technologies capable of creating new, original content, from images and text to music and beyond

If anyone wants to do training on Generative AI or want to get some consulting work done, please do reachout to me at



Roshni Mohandas

Entrepreneur, Data Scientist , Startup , Hustler : 100% follow back